Page 3 - MF&RS St Helens Community Safety Plan
P. 3

St Helens

St Helens sits on the borders of This fundamental shift in the pattern 

Cheshire and Greater Manchester of employment has been

with a population of approximately at the heart of the challenges 

175,000 people, around 12% of the faced ever since.

Merseyside population.

According to 2011 Census data, 

St Helens’ history is inextricably linked 96.6% of the population are listed as 

to the industrial revolution, being the White British, with 1.9% of the 

location of the world’s first population having a Black and 

commercial canal and its first Minority Ethnic background (BME) 

passenger railway.
which is lower than the Merseyside 


This enabled the town to exploit its 

natural resources, notably through St Helens is a district of contrasts in 

coal mining, which fuelled terms of deprivation with 3.4% of 

significant chemical manufacturing the borough falling within the most 

and a world-famous glass industry.
(0-10%) areas of deprivation in 

Merseyside and 20.3% falling within 

Coal mining and glass the most (0-10%) areas of deprivation 

manufacturing once employed in the country. A total of 12.7% of 

around 50,000 people, well over half the borough falls within the least 

the local population’s workforce. deprived areas, with areas of 

However, the industries that built the affluence in Rainford, Billinge

town have now declined in and Rainhill.

importance, with over 30,000 jobs 

lost in the late 1980s.


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